CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Flora and Fauna

CITESCITES is an international agreement intended to ensure that international trade in endangered species of animals and plants and their parts and derivatives does not threaten the survival of these species. CITES in Canada is a program of Environment Canada, and its regulations are enforced by The Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act (WAPPRIITA). One hundred and seventy five governments are signatories to CITES, meaning that the import and export of animals and plants involving each of these countries must be according to CITES. Animals and plants, are categorized in one of three CITES appendices depending on their risk level. For CITES appendix I species, a CITES import permit is required from the importing country and a CITES export permit is required from the exporting country. For CITES appendix II species  only an export permit is required from the exporting country. CITES appendix III regulations vary according to the species and the animal or plant involved. The species lists for the three appendices can be found online, as well as a summary list of the required permits.

4parrots The only parrots (psittacine birds) that are not listed in CITES appendices, and thus do not require CITES permits, are the:

  • peach-faced lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis),
  • budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)
  • cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)
  • ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

Obtaining CITES permits can be complicated and should be undertaken well in advance of any animal import or export. A list of types of permits is available at online. It is important to consult with staff at CITES to ensure that all paperwork is in order. If a CITES permit is required from a foreign country you must contact that country’s CITES office directly to apply for permits. For animals traveling to and from the United States, contact the US Fish & Wildlife Service.